Swedish massage techniques include:

Effleurage: Gliding strokes with the palms, thumbs and/or fingertips
Petrissage: Kneading movements with the hands, thumbs and/or fingers
Friction: Circular pressures with the palms of hands, thumbs and/or fingers
Vibration: Oscillatory movements that shake or vibrate the body
Percussion: Brisk hacking or tapping
Passive and active movements: Bending and stretching

Swedish massage was developed in the 1700's by a Swedish doctor. Swedish massage has long
been thought of as the first organized and systematic method of modern therapeutic massage in the
western world. The specific strokes and manipulations of Swedish massage are each conceived as
having definite therapeutic benefits. The goal of Swedish massage is to speed the venous return of
un- oxygenated and toxins from the extremities. Swedish massage shortens recovery time from
muscular strain by flushing the tissues of lactic acid, uric acid, and other metabolic wastes. It
increases circulation without increasing heart load. It stretches the ligaments and tendons keeping
them supple and pliable. Swedish Massage also stimulates the skin and nervous system and
soothes the nerves themselves at the same time. It reduces stress, both emotional and physical, and
is suggested in a regular program for stress management. It also has many specific medical uses.
Swedish massage includes long strokes, kneading, friction, tapping, and shaking motions. It affects
the nerves, muscles, glands, and circulation, while promoting health and well being.
Swedish massage refers to a collection of techniques designed primarily to relax muscles by
applying pressure to them against deeper muscles and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as
the flow of blood returning to the heart. The lymph system and veins (which carry blood back to the
heart) both rely on muscle action, rather than heart pressure. Many believe it is safe to apply light
pressure in the opposite direction. Oil, lotion or cream provides lubricant to reduce friction during the
Swedish massage. Swedish massage can relax muscles, increase circulation, remove metabolic
waste products, help the recipient obtain a feeling of connectedness, and a better awareness of their
body and the way they use and position it.